The Harlem Renaissance: 

"The renaissance mainly involved a group of writers and intellectuals associated (often loosely) with Harlem, the district of Manhattan that, during the migration of African Americans from the rural South, became the major center for urbanized blacks.

The Harlem writers… engaged in an intense debate regarding the place of the African American in American life, and on the role and identity of the African-American artist” (1920s-Mid-1930s Harlem Renaissance).

We will read and explore one or more of the literary works by the featured author for this period:  

Langston Hughes

The American Academy of Poets:  Langston Hughes - biographical information and links to some of his more famous  poems.

"Harlem: A Dream Deferred" - read the poem that inspired the title of the play A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry.

 
Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Short Story: "Cora Unashamed" (handout)

Poem: "I, Too" -p. 928

Poem: "Dream Variations" -p. 930

Poem: "Refugee in America" -p. 931

Poem: "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" -p. 926

Additional Resources

Short Story: "Cora Unashamed" (handout)



Even more writers to explore...

Ara Bontemps   

Arna Bontemps- interesting biographical information from the Academy of American Poets. 

Modern American Poetry: Arna Bontemps - from the Department of English at the University of Illinois, this site offers biographical information as well as links to selected works and analysis/criticism.

 

 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

  Poem: "A Black Man Talks of Reaping" -p. 939 

Countee Cullen

Countee Cullen- interesting biographical information from the Academy of American Poets. 

Modern American Poetry: Countee Cullen - from the Department of English at the University of Illinois, this site offers biographical information as well as links to selected works and analysis/criticism.

 
 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Poem: "The Dark Tower" -p. 938

 

 Zora Neale Hurston 

Zora Neale Hurston - The Zora Neal Hurston Plays at the Library of Congress

Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Excerpt from Autobiography: "Dust Tracks on a Road" -p. 914 .

Claude McKay

Modern American Poetry: Claude McKay - from the Department of English at the University of Illinois, this site offers biographical information as well as links to selected works and analysis/criticism. 

Claude McKay- from the Academy of American poets, biographical information and links to some of his works.  

 
 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Poem: "The Tropics in New York" -p. 932

Jean Toomer

Modern American Poetry: Jean Toomer - from the Department of English at the University of Illinois, this site offers biographical information as well as links to selected works and analysis/criticism. 

Jean Toomer- from the Academy of American poets, biographical information.  

 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Poem: "Storm Ending" -p. 940

Overall "Text to World" & "Text to Text" Connections for this Literary Period

American Memory Timeline - from the Learning Page at The Library of Congress, this link will help you connect American history to American literature.

  Work Cited

 “1920s-Mid-1930s Harlem Renaissance.”   American Masters: The American Novel. 2007. Public Broadcasting Network. 20 June 2007 <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americannovel/ timeline/ harlemrenaissance.html >.