Realism: 1850s - 1890s

Influenced by the events preceding and following the Civil War, literature from this period is less philosophical in nature than the romantic period and more cynical and questioning. This period reflects a concern for the everyday experiences of the common man.

We will read and explore one or more of the literary works by the featured author for this period:  

Kate Chopin

Kate Chopin

Kate Chopin- biographical information from the Kate Chopin International Society.

School House Rock's "Sufferin' Till Suffrage" - check out the lyrics to this great song about the 19th Amendment. Go to this link for more Schoolhouse Rock. 

Living the Legacy: The Women's Rights Movement 1848 - 1998 - a great resource from the National Womens' History Project with a wealth of information about the ongoing struggle for Women's rights spanning  over 150 years.

 
Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Short Story: "The Story of an Hour" -p. 642

Featured Literary Works...

The Awakening  by Kate Chopin   

Adventures of Huckleberry Finn  by Mark Twain

Ambrose Bierce 

 Ambrose Bierce- an informative resource from the Poetry Foundation.

 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

  Poem: "An Occurrence" -p. 518 

Stephen Crane 

Stephen Crane- interesting information about Crane from Biography.com.

Stephen Crane- links to some of Crane's works as well as biographical information from the Poetry Foundation. 

 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Short Story: "An Episode of War" p. 486

 

Mary Chestnut

Documenting the American South: A Diary from Dixie, as Written by Mary Boykin Chesnut- comprehensive resource from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill  

 
Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Excerpt from Diary: "Mary Chestnut's Civil War" p. 550 

Frederick Douglas  

Africans in America Resource Bank: Frederick Douglass- an interesting site from PBS

The Frederick Douglass Papers - from the American Memory section of the Library of Congress online.

 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Excerpt from Autobiography: "My Bondage and M Freedom" -p. 506

Paul Lawrence Dunbar

Paul Lawrence Dunbar-  biographical information as well as links to some of his works, from the Academy of American Poets. 

 
 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Poem: "Douglass" -p. 652

Poem: "We Wear the Mask" p. 654

Stephen Foster (composer) & George Cooper (lyricist)   

Stephen Collins Foster- interesting biographical information from the University of Pittsburgh

 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Song: "Willie Has Gone to the War" -p. 419

 

Warren Lee Goss

 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Excerpt from Journal: "recollections of a Private" -p. 554

Bret Harte

Bret Harte- from the University of Washington, biographical information and links to e-texts.

 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Short Story: "The Outcasts of Poker Flat" -p. 592

Stonewall Jackson

Virginia Military Institute: Stonewall Jackson Resources


 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Letter: "An Account of the Battle of Bull Run" -p. 558

Robert E. Lee

Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial- this National Park Service site will let you explore the memorial and learn more about Lee.

 
 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Letter: "Letter to His Son" -p. 535

Abraham Lincoln

The White House: Abraham Lincoln- interesting biographical information

The Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress

 
Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Speech: "The Gettysburg Address" -p. 532
Speech: “Second Inaugural Address” –p. 533
Public Document: “Emancipation Proclamation” –p. 541
 

Audio Book/MP3 

The Gettysburg Address is available as "literature for your eyes and ears" through LoudLit.org!

Randolp McKim

Documenting the American South: Randolph McKim- A Soldier's Recollections: Leaves from the Diary of a Young Confederate with an Oration on the Motives and Aims of the Soldiers of the South- a comprehensive resource from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

 
Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Excerpt from Diary: "A Confederate Account of the Battle of Gettysburg" -p. 556

Spiritual

Negro Spirituals-  an interesting site with lots of information about the history of early gospel songs. 

Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Traditional: "Go Down, Moses" -p. 500
Traditional: "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" -p. 498

Sojourner Truth

Sojourner Truth Institute - sponsored by the Michigan Humanities Council. 

A Narrative of Sojourner Truth, A Northern Slave- full etext from the University of Pennsylvania.

 
Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Letter: "An Account of an Experience with Discrimination" -p. 561

Reverend Henry M. Turner

Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Nonfiction: "Reaction to the Emancipation Proclamation" - p. 559 

Overall "Text to World" & "Text to Text" Connections for this Literary Period 

American Memory Timeline - from the Learning Page at The Library of Congress, this link will help you connect American history to American literature.