Romanticism: Mid 1800s

These writers infused their writing with “fancy, imagination, emotion, nature, individuality and exotica” (The American Experience). Transcendentalism and anti-transcendentalism are hallmarks of this era as many of these writers explored man’s relationship to nature and his desire to reach a higher consciousness outside traditional theology.

We will read and explore one or more of the literary works by the featured author for this period:  

Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe The Edgar Allan Poe Museum - cool virtual tour and lots of link to great sites to the father of science fiction/horror.

Edgar Allan Poe - biographical information and e-text of some of his most famous poems from the Academy of American Poets.

The Raven: An Interactive Study Resource- great site from www.teachersfirst.com. Thanks to Mrs. Currier for letting us know about this cool site!

 
Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Short Story: "The Fall of the House of Usher" -p. 312

Poem: "The Raven" -p. 330
 


Audio Book/MP3 

Edgar Allan Poe at Librivoxthis link will lead you to all the Poe works available as MP3 files at Librivox.

Poe's classic short story - "The Tell-Tale Heart" is available as "literature for your eyes and ears" through LoudLit.org! Here are some more works by Poe also available as "literature for your eyes and ears":   "Alone",  "Annabel Lee", "A Dream within a Dream", "Eldorado", "The Raven".

 

Featured Literary Works...

The Scarlet Letter  by Nathaniel Hawthorne   

Moby Dick by  Herman Melville

Walden by Henry David Thoreau

Walking  by Henry David Thoreau

 



Louisa May Alcott  

 Louisa May Alcott- learn about the author of Little Women and the Alcott family from the Louisa May Alcott Memorial Association. 


William Cullen Bryant  

 Perspectives in American Literature: William Cullen Bryant- a great resource from California State University

William Cullen Bryant- great resource with links to many etexts of Bryant's works from Washington State University 

 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

  Poem: "Thanatopsis" -p. 277 


Emily Dickinson

Emily Dickinson - biographical information and e-text of some of her most famous poems from the Academy of American Poets.

 
 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Poem: "Because I could not stop for Death" -p. 426

Poem: "I heard a Fly buzz - when I died" -p. 428

Poem: "There’s a certain slant of light" -p. 430

Poem: "My life closed twice before its close" -p. 430

Poem: "The Soul selects her own Society" -p. 431

Poem: "The Brain – is wider than the Sky" -p. 432

Poem: "There is a solitude of space " -p. 433

Poem: "Water, is taught by thirst" -p. 434
 

 Ralph Waldo Emerson

Ralph Waldo Emerson: A Visionary Life - an interesting site from Canada about Emerson and transcendentalism. 

Ralph Waldo Emerson - click here and connect to the Academy of American Poets' page on Emerson.

 
Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Excerpt from Essay: “Nature” –p. 390

Excerpt from Essay:  "Self-Reliance" -p. 393

Poem: "Concord Hymn" -p. 395

Poem: "The Snowstorm" -p. 396 

 
Audio Book/MP3 

 "Concord Hymn" - you'll have to scroll down a bit but it's here for you to listen to along with a link to the e-text.

Ralph Waldo Emerson at Librivox- this link will lead you to all the Ralph Waldo Emerson works available as MP3 files at Librivox.

 

Margaret Fuller  

Margaret Fuller - was America's "first true feminist" and a colleague of Emerson, Thoreau and  Alcotts. This site from PBS, this will give you a sense of who Fuller was and a brief look at selections of her work.


Oliver Wendell Holmes

"The Chambered Nautilus" - a Holmes poem from The Academy of American Poets.

 
 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Poem: "Old Ironsides" -p. 280


Washington Irving

Perspectives in American Literature: Washington Irving- interesting biographical information from California State University

Read Irving's "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" - e-text from Project Gutenberg

 
 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Short Story: "The Devil and Tom Walker" -p. 258 

Audio Book/MP3 

Listen to Irving's "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow"- from Librivox.org


Henry Wadsworth Longfellow  

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow - a collection of his works and some biographical information as well from the Academy of American Poets

 "Paul Revere's Ride" - connect to the full e-text of Longfellow's famous poem.

 
 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Poem: "The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls" -p. 275

Audio Book/MP3 

 "The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere" - here it is (although I think it's better when read with my Boston accent) for you to listen to along with a link to the e-text.

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow at Librivox- this link will lead you to all the Longfellow works available as MP3 files at Librivox.

 

Walt Whitman

The Walt Whitman Archive - an impressive site form the University of Virginia with many e-texts of Whitman's works and so much more!

Walt Whitman's World: America Still Needs His Poetry- great editorial piece from the Boston Globe and a must-read if you're research Whitman! 

 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Excerpt from Nonfiction: "Preface to the 1855 Edition of Leaves of Grass" -p. 440

Excerpt from Poem: "Song of Myself" -p. 442

Poem: "When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer" -p. 446

Poem: "By the Bivouac’s Fitful Flame” -p. 447

Poem: "I Hear America Singing" -p. 448

Poem: "A Noiseless Patient Spider" -p. 450


John Greenleaf Whittier

John Greenleaf Whittier- a brief biography and more from the Haverhill, MA public library. 

John Greenleaf Whittier- biography and links to some Whittier poems from The American Academy of Poets.

 Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:

Excerpt from Poem: "Snowbound" -p. 282


Overall "Text to World" & "Text to Text" Connections for this Literary Period

American Memory Timeline - from the Learning Page at The Library of Congress, this link will help you connect American history to American literature.